New HIV strain discovered after nearly two decades

HIV test

Scientists have discovered HIV-1 group M subtype L, the first new strain of the HIV virus in 19 years.

HIV-1 group M subtype L belongs to the most common HIV group-and the one that has been responsible for the majority of infections in the HIV epidemic.

The strain isn't new; rather, what's changed is the innovation used to think about the infection. However, scientists are confident that with enormous advances in medical technology since the New York Times reported on a "rare cancer seen in 41 homosexuals" in July 1981, they will be able to effectively test for and treat the recently verified subtype.

According to the World Health Organization, about 36.7 million people worldwide live with HIV.

Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, assured that the present drugs that are active against HIV are capable of fighting this new strain of HIV as well.

S-based scientist and distinguished Otago alumna, Professor Carole McArthur and her team of researchers, are behind the recently-announced discovery and identification of a new HIV subtype, which has been characterised by USA healthcare company Abbott Laboratories.

Michael Bloomberg taking steps to run for president in 2020 Democratic race
That could present a major threat to former Vice President Joe Biden, who's been falling in the polls and trailing in fundraising.

"There's no reason to panic or even to worry about it a little bit", Fauci said. Not many people are infected with this. "This is an outlier". For such massive numbers of testing the units need to be able to identify the new strains correctly.

In 2000 the guidelines for identification of a new strain of HIV were outlined.

"I would expect it to respond to treatment the same way those other strains do", Rodgers told NBC News.

The third sample was collected 18 years ago but was hard to the sequence is given technical constraints at the time. "Therefore, the CG-0018a-01 sequence will be important for determining the origins and age of subtype L", the researchers noted. The third sample was from a small study that was looking at mother to foetus transfer of the infection.

Scientists began studying this third sample in order to map it and provide thorough evidence for a third strain, in a process described as being "like searching for a needle in a haystack", and then "pulling the needle out with a magnet". The team wrote, "Metagenomic (mNGS) and HIV-specific target enriched (HIV-xGen) libraries were combined for next generation sequencing (NGS) to extend genome coverage". "There is a very high likelihood that this new subtype, or any new group M subtype of recombinant form, would not behave differently to how it would be detected by diagnostic assay or respond to antiviral treatment", Shafer told Salon. Both subtypes and sub-subtypes of the HIV-1 M group are believed to have originated from a single chimpanzee-to-human transmission. "Since CG-0018a-01 is more closely related to an ancestral strain than to isolates from 1983 or 1990, additional strains are likely circulating in DRC and possibly elsewhere".

They were confirmed new based on their whole genome analysis using Abbot's newly developed HIV screening technology which Rodgers claimed "can be a real challenge for diagnostic tests".

Related News:

  • Hong Kong student who fell during weekend protests dies

    Hong Kong student who fell during weekend protests dies

    A police spokesperson confirmed that tear gas had been fired near the auto park where protesters and officers clashed. Police didn't rule out the possibility he was fleeing from tear gas but noted officers fired from a distance.
    Netizens praise Apple TV Plus content

    Netizens praise Apple TV Plus content

    The only catch - your new Apple device should have been bought after September 10 to be eligible for the free subscription. The users need to have iPhone, iPad, Apple TV, iPod touch, and Mac to access Apple TV+ through Apple TV app .
    New Scream film in development

    New Scream film in development

    Are you excited for a new Scream movie? It'd be hard to imagine a Scream movie without Campbell or Sidney Prescott. She said back in 2018 about working without Wes: "Well, ya know, I think it would be challenging".
  • Man Falls to His Death in Lava Tube Hiding in His Yard

    Man Falls to His Death in Lava Tube Hiding in His Yard

    Hawaii Fire Department Rescue crew responded to the scene and repelled down to extract the victim from 22ft below the surface. According to the US Geological Survey, lava tubes are natural channels through which lava travels beneath the surface.
    A.J. Green will make season debut Sunday vs. Ravens

    A.J. Green will make season debut Sunday vs. Ravens

    It's all about make sure I'm taking care of myself first. "I can't go out there when I'm not 100 per cent". Taylor said he found out about Green's lack of availability minutes before the team started drills.
    'E.T.' & 'Haunting of Hill House' Actor Henry Thomas Arrested for DUI

    'E.T.' & 'Haunting of Hill House' Actor Henry Thomas Arrested for DUI

    He played Father Tom Hogan in the horror film Ouija: Origin of Evil and played "Tom" in the Netflix movie "Gerald's Game". He was released from custody Tuesday morning on his own recognisance, according to a Washington County Jail spokesperson.
  • China says U.S.  agrees to lower tariffs

    China says U.S. agrees to lower tariffs

    Reuters said the agreement to remove tariffs has faced fierce opposition from within the White House and from outside advisers. If the proposals go ahead it is likely to boost the global economy, which has been hammered by tensions between.
    Load management is spoiling a potential NBA Finals preview

    Load management is spoiling a potential NBA Finals preview

    Leonard returned to play October 31, in a victory against San Antonio, just as he is expected to play Thursday against Portland. Last season's roster thrived by dominating bench minutes, but that hasn't been the case so far this year.
    Australia's Perenti says 19 of its employees killed in Burkina Faso attack

    Australia's Perenti says 19 of its employees killed in Burkina Faso attack

    Semafo tightened security at its mine past year following attacks that killed three workers and five security officials. It was unclear exactly how many people were in the convoy, what their nationalities were or how many were missing.
  • BBC Three series announces second season after popular first outing

    BBC Three series announces second season after popular first outing

    Every single queen for series one has brought something different to the table and I've loved watching and getting to know them. Meanwhile, the current series of RuPaul's Drag Race UK continues Thursday nights at 8PM airing on BBC Three via BBC iPlayer .
    Target Black Friday Pixel 4 deal offers $300 in gift cards

    Target Black Friday Pixel 4 deal offers $300 in gift cards

    Be sure to follow ClarkDeals.com and sign up for our free newsletters for the best Black Friday deals as they come available. The early-bird sale is a chance to take advantage of some Black Friday deals weeks before the actual day.
    John Bolton fails to appear before impeachment investigators

    John Bolton fails to appear before impeachment investigators

    Setting the stage for the public hearings, lawmakers have been making public transcripts of the closed-door depositions this week. Even as Bolton was a no-show, an aide to Vice President Mike Pence came to the Capitol to speak with impeachment investigators.


Most liked

Thailand set to hinder Cambodian opposition’s return plans
However, Sochua emphasized that the plan will be realized again, based on the determination of the party and the people behind them.

Bronchitis, sinus infection forces Lady Gaga to cancel Enigma show
Pop icon Lady Gaga apologized to fans after she had to cancel her Las Vegas show following a severe illness. Gaga then playfully quoted one of her own songs to make it clear that she was unharmed from the accident.

Measles limits immune system's ability to fight off other infections, studies suggest
Future research, Petrova says, will focus on learning how, exactly, measles-"an immunological paradox"-manages this feat. The vaccine's emergence cut measles cases by 80% between 2000 and 2017 and is credited with saving 21.1 million lives.

AT&T Fined $60 Million, Misleading Customers With Unlimited Plans
Throttling has been an issue within the telecom industry as smartphones have become ubiquitous and data usage has surged. AT&T tried to fend off the FTC in court for years, saying the agency didn't have jurisdiction over the case.

US captain Woods will play in Presidents Cup
Woods was a big influence on Finau's developing a love for golf as he grew up in Salt Lake City's Rose Park neighborhood. And still to be determined is whether PGA champion Brooks Koepka, the No. 1 player in the world, will be ready to go.

Jury selected for longtime Trump adviser Roger Stone's trial
More than 80 prospective jurors arrived at federal district court in Washington, D.C., to potentially take part in the trial. While sidelined, he continued to connect with Trump and stayed plugged into his circle of advisers.

UFC's Walt Harris Stepdaughter Kidnapping Suspect ID'd, Arrest Warrant Issued
Her black 2017 Honda CRV was later found abandoned at an apartment complex more than 50 miles away, in Montgomery. A reward of more than $105,000 is being offered for information on Blanchard's location, according to the report.

'OK, boomer': New Zealand MP hits out at parliament age gap
Swarbick said later in a Facebook post that people were upset about her remarks. Its closed captioning transcribed the Swarbrick's retort as "okay, Berma".

Chelsea stars called up for England Euro 2020 qualifiers
A point at Wembley against Montenegro in the 1,000th worldwide match for the men's team would be enough to guarantee qualification.

Best Amazon Black Friday 2019 deals
Online Black Friday deals are likely to be available on Walmart .com starting from November 27, the day before Thanksgiving . After all saving money is a good thing, especially if you're not frivolously spending money on stuff you didn't want before.

Alberto Salazar: Ukad to investigate British Nike Oregon Project athletes
International Olympic Committee president Thomas Bach had previously called for Wada to investigate the NOP athletes. He'll be under the microscope, as WADA deals with a continuing case involving Russian cheating.

Threadripper 3rd Generation is Here, Plus the Fastest Ryzen CPU Ever
The self proclaimed "world's most powerful 16-core desktop processor" also packs 72MB of L2+L3 cache and runs on a 105W TDP. In fact, Threadripper chips nearly always perform worse in games than its Ryzen desktop chips like the new Ryzen 9 3950X .

Donald Trump Ordered to Pay $2 Million for Misuse of Charitable Funds
The case is tied to a televised fundraiser for veterans held by Trump in Iowa when he was running for president in January 2016. Instead, he held a rally at the same time as the debate at which he called on people to donate to veterans' charities.

Crude Build Puts Oil Prices Modestly Higher
Brent for January settlement fell 35 cents, or 0.6 percent, to $62.61 a barrel on the London-based ICE Futures Europe Exchange. Gasoline and distillate supplies fell, while stockpiles stored at the Cushing, Oklahoma, storage hub rose 1.7 million barrels.

Michael Owen predicts Man United v Partizan Belgrade
United host Partizan Belgrade in the Europa League on Thursday before another home game against Brighton on Sunday before the latest global break.