China Labor Watch Claims More Violation Of Labor

Foxconn is based in Taipei

China Labour Watch published a report Sunday claiming that Apple and Foxconn violated workers' rights in Foxconn's Zhengzhou factory, the biggest iPhone factory in the world. The company has been rocked by other controversies and allegations in the past; for example, Foxconn fired two executives after China Labor Watch discovered overuse of temporary workers in making Amazon's Echo speakers. The Zhengzhou production line workforce is comprised of about 50 percent dispatch workers. The investigation found that temporary staff, known as dispatch workers, accounted for almost 50 percent of the workforce in August, while Chinese labor law stipulates a maximum of 10 percent, CLW said.

As student interns returned to school at the end of August, the temporary staff is closer to 30 per cent. Apple said that it is working with Foxconn to resolve the issue.

Apple suggests it has learned that "the proportion of dispatch workers exceeded our criteria", and is at present coordinating with Foxconn to take care of the problem.

The group also uncovered other violations such as harsh working conditions.

"At no time did we find any evidence of forced labour and we can confirm that this facility now has no interns working overtime", it said in a statement given to AFP.

"Our work to address the issues identified in our Zhengzhou facility continues", Foxconn said.

China Labor Watch said workers at the plant considered overtime as a benefit due to the increase in their hourly rate, helping boost their regular rate of $1.68, which hasn't increased since August 2015.

"We did determine that the affected workers were paid all earned overtime and related bonus payments", a Foxconn spokesman told Business Insider.

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On Apple's end, the company assures the quality of the employment and treatment to its workers.

The company said it was gradually adjusting the number and the ratio of dispatch workers to comply with the requirements of China's laws.

"We did find evidence that the use of dispatch workers and the number of hours of overtime work carried out by employees, which we have confirmed was always voluntary, was not consistent with company guidelines", Foxconn said.

Workers putting in 100 hours of overtime per month, well in excess of China's legal limit of 36 hours per month.

The factory didn't provide the workers with adequate protective equipment, even though workers said they were exposed to toxic chemicals every day.

Foxconn employs student workers and dispatch workers.

Apple pushed back strongly against the majority of the claims on Monday, saying it had conducted its own investigation and found that "most of the allegations are false". "We will not hesitate to take any additional steps that might be required to meet the high standards we set for our operations", Foxconn added.

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