The World Health Organisation Has Called For a Reduction in C-Sections

Акушеры-гинекологи говорят об

The information was published by the Lancet in a series of three papers, covering the reasons for the rising use of caesareans around the world, the long-term health risks associated with C-sections, and possible interventions to lower procedure rates.

"There is emerging evidence that babies born via C-section have different hormonal, physical, bacterial and medical exposures during birth, which can subtly alter their health".

The number of C-section births around the world has almost doubled since 2000, and only a fraction of those surgical procedures are medically necessary, according to a series of three papers published today by an worldwide coalition of researchers from the World Health Organization, Yale University, King's College London and elsewhere.

In 15 countries, including the Dominican Republic, Brazil, Egypt, Turkey, Venezuela, Chile, Colombia and Iran, more than 40% of births occur by caesarean section. In fact, it was found that almost 40 percent of all delivered babies were born via c-section, with the highest rate seen in the Dominican Republic with a rate of 58.1 percent.

Experts estimate that between 10 and 15 percent of births medically require a C-section due to complications such as bleeding, foetal distress, hypertension or a baby being in an abnormal position.

But in close to a quarter of nations surveyed, C-section use is significantly lower than average. For instance, differences between provinces in China ranged from 4% to 62%, and inter-state differences in India ranged from 7% to 49%. Professor Jane Sandall, one of the study's authors, said in a release.

These include 'a lack of midwives to prevent and detect problems, loss of medical skills to confidently and competently attend a vaginal delivery, as well as medico-legal issues'.

The rise in usage has prompted the World Health Organization to make a separate announcement, introducing new guidelines to try and reduce unnecessary C-sections, calling on healthcare professionals and organizations, as well as insurance companies and women's groups to recommend non-clinical methods to pregnant women.

Saudi slams 'baseless lies' over Khashoggi's disappearance
They have leaked an array of grim details, and said most recently that they have audio and video recordings of torture and death. There is no evidence he left afterward, leading Turkish officials to say they believe he was killed.

The researchers also warned that in many settings young physicians are becoming experts in C-section, while losing confidence in their abilities to assist in vaginal birth.

Sandall also said there were often "financial incentives for both doctor and hospital" to perform the procedure.

In the U.S., the C-section rate is even higher than the global average, making up 25 percent of births.

"In cases where complications do occur, C-sections save lives, and we must increase accessibility in poorer regions, making C-sections universally available, but we should not overuse them".

The authors suggested better education, more midwifery-led care and improved labour planning as ways of ensuring C-sections are only performed when medically necessary, as well as ensuring women properly understand the risks involved with the procedure.

There's a balance to be struck in terms of promoting C-sections in certain areas and curtailing their use in others, the report concludes.

"The medical profession on its own can not reverse this trend", he said.

'Joint actions are urgently needed to stop unnecessary C-sections and enable women and families to be confident of receiving the most appropriate care for their circumstances'.

Related News:

  • United Kingdom  announces subsidy cuts for plug-in hybrids

    United Kingdom announces subsidy cuts for plug-in hybrids

    The RAC's head of roads policy Nicholas Lyes described it as a "major blow" for motorists looking to make an EV or PHEV their next vehicle.
    Mark Hamill features in brand new Star Citizen trailer

    Mark Hamill features in brand new Star Citizen trailer

    The action of the game takes place in 2945 year, when humanity has to face in hostile alien inhabitants. Object Container Streaming - The much vaunted background technology to improve performance in game.
    Police Department Goes Pink For Breast Cancer Awareness Month

    Police Department Goes Pink For Breast Cancer Awareness Month

    But about 20 percent of patients at the Shimberg Breast Center dont opt for it, usually because of the cost. The lead author, Dr Maryam Farvid, recommends cutting down on processed meat rather than eliminating it.
  • David Davis urges Cabinet rebellion over Theresa May's Brexit 'backstop' plan

    David Davis urges Cabinet rebellion over Theresa May's Brexit 'backstop' plan

    The second part of the plan would see Northern Ireland stay in both the customs union and the EU single market. And she attacked the "ridiculous binary choice" on Brexit being offered.
    Saunders Vacates Title, To Sue Athletic Commission

    Saunders Vacates Title, To Sue Athletic Commission

    I would also question why a hearing couldn't be convened until 11 days before the fight was due to take place, leaving little or no time for a satisfactory resolution to be reached.
    Samsung is trolling Google over the notch on its new Pixel phone

    Samsung is trolling Google over the notch on its new Pixel phone

    But the Pixel 3 currently has a leg up on the iPhone XR: you can pre-order it now, and it will start shipping October 18. Well, Google doesn't bother with two cameras on its Pixel smartphones because the company doesn't think they are needed.
  • Samsung’s foldable phone will be a meaningful one: DJ Koh

    Samsung’s foldable phone will be a meaningful one: DJ Koh

    Further, Koh said the foldable device will not be limited to a region; rather, it will be a global release. A Samsung foldable smartphone has not yet been announced, but the company is dropping more and more hints.
    How to disable the Google Pixel 3 XL notch

    How to disable the Google Pixel 3 XL notch

    As per the team of Google camera, it phone camera is capable of taking better pictures at night time due to the Night Sight Mode. The iPhone XR, on the other hand, isn't available to pre-order until October 19, and it won't start shipping until October 26.
    Mega Millions jackpot grows to $654 million

    Mega Millions jackpot grows to $654 million

    The cash option for Friday's jackpot would be a lump-sum amount estimated at $309 million before federal taxes. The largest Mega Millions jackpot topped out at $656 million in 2012, followed by $648 million a year later.
  • 4 wedding portraits of Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank

    4 wedding portraits of Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank

    The queen hosted a champagne luncheon for the guests just after the ceremony, with a second reception planned for the evening. Buckingham Palace has released Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank's stunning official wedding - and after-party - photos .
    Federal Obamacare exchange premiums to drop 1.5% in 2019

    Federal Obamacare exchange premiums to drop 1.5% in 2019

    From 2017 to 2018, the bench mark rose 37 percent, officials said, and in the prior year it rose 25 percent. A handful of other states, such as New Hampshire and Pennsylvania, will also see double-digit drops.
    Crude oil futures settle at $74.96

    Crude oil futures settle at $74.96

    Early in the session, crude rose as global equities were set for their biggest daily gain in almost a month. Brent hit a four-year high of $86.74 last week but slipped as low as $82.66 on Monday.

Most liked

Singer Michael Buble Announces Retirement From Music
He ended the interview saying this album will be his last and said: "This is my last interview, I'm retiring from the business". The Just Haven't Met You Yet singer has had a tough few years, after his son, five-year-old Noah , was diagnosed with cancer.

Pakistan in control after debutant Asif scripts Aussie collapse
Imam offered a tame return catch to left-arm spinner Jon Holland (3-83) and Sohail was trapped leg before wicket by Marnus Labuschagne.

India Achieve Remarkable Feat After Emphatic Series Win Over Windies
Ashwin, however, was ready to grind it out as debutant Shardul batted with groin strain. Captain Virat Kohli (45) and Ravichandran Ashwin (35) gave India valuable contirbutions.

Chinese stocks tumble to multi-year lows after Wall St rout
So far this week, the market capitalisation of the Shanghai stock index has fallen by 8.43 percent to 27.56 trillion yuan. The benchmark index for stocks in mainland China tumbled following the plunge on Wall Street.

Djokovic cruises past Coric to win 4th Shanghai title
The 21-year-old saved three match points to hold serve in the ninth game before Djokovic served out to clinch his fourth title of the season.

The emotional support squirrel
A woman who boarded her Frontier flight with an emotional support squirrel (not this one) was escorted off the plane on Tuesday. According to the Cindy's daughter, Monica, she called the airline twice to confirm that the squirrel was allowed on the flight.

EA confirm remasters of classic Command & Conquer games won't have microtransactions
The feedback isn't limited to Reddit though, as EA will be " talking to fans in a variety of ways ", over the next few weeks.

The insider: Google is able to abandon Android OS
The dual-lens selfie cam exists exclusively to facilitate wide-angle selfies that fit more into the frame. At the moment, the Explore UI tab shows a bunch of Indian websites, but that's just for testing reasons.

BMW's $4.2b China bid highlights value parked in local JVs
BMW will start making its first pure electric vehicle in China under the joint venture with Brilliance China by 2020. The country is BMW's single largest sales market, with 560,000 vehicles sold there a year ago .

Kanye West Returns to Twitter with Live Video Rant About 'Mind Control'
The skit parodied a wildly entertaining meeting between the real-life Trump and West in the White House on Thursday. He continues: "I feel like when people tell me what to do, I feel like they're touching my brain".

Jamal Khashoggi: Turkey's Erdogan urges Saudi Arabia to release images
Trump said. "We have nothing to hide", he said in an interview with English-language Bloomberg news network. Saudi authorities have so far not commented on the 15 nationals reported to have come to Turkey.

Singapore Airlines launching world's longest flight
The ULR series is meant to eventually replace Boeing's older 777 series, and it uses roughly 30 percent less fuel than the 777s. SIA is the world's first customer for the new A350-900ULR, with seven on firm order with Airbus .

Red Sox vs. Astros score
By the time the Yankees pitchers were finally able to record three outs in the inning, the Red Sox had jumped out to a 10-0 lead. Martinez wants to thank the Astros - not get back at them - for releasing him when he was struggling.

International Business Machines Corporation, PTC Inc
Production Analysis: Capacity and production are analysed for various types, regions and manufacturers . The global IoT in Healthcare Market is expected to witness high growth during the forecast period.

Pik Botha, apartheid-era South African minister, dies at 86
Next to Botha, second from right is Roelf Meyer, chief government negotiator, and ANC's Secretary General Cyril Ramaphosa, right. In his statement, De Klerk also pays homage to the role Botha played in the release of Nelson Mandela from prison.