Vaccine To Prevent Cervical Cancer Expanded As Colorado Rates Increase

ImagesA computer illustration of human papilloma virus

The vaccine has been available for "off-label" use in the older age ranges. If someone has already been exposed to HPV - which a majority of reproductive-age Americans already have, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - the vaccine can't clear the infection, D'Souza told Live Science.

CBS4)- According to the University of Colorado, rates of cervical cancer are increasing at a faster rate than than any other cancer.

Lawrence said she is educated on things she wanted to know more about after her doctor visit. The virus has many strains. "It doesn't sound like there's medical evidence for the vaccine's effectiveness in an older population, but I think a person's risk factors for HPV are as important as age". He raised the question as to whether otolaryngologists should be counseling patients about the HPV vaccine and administering it in ambulatory settings, practices routinely left to primary care, pediatricians, or ob/gyn specialists, he said. The vaccine protects against nine strains, including those most likely to cause cancers and genital warts.

Gardasil, which was first approved by the FDA in 2006 to prevent certain cancers and diseases caused by HPV, is no longer distributed in the United States.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced last week that Gardasil 9, the HPV vaccine, is now approved for use in people ages 27 to 45.

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HPV is easy to contract and pass on to others: about 80 percent of people will be infected with one or more types of the virus at some time in their lives. In women 24 through 45, the original Gardasil was about 90 percent effective three years after the women received a third dose.

Gardasil-9 covers nine different subtypes of HPV and is now available for use in in the U.S.in males and females aged between nine and 26 years.

Merck said the list price for Gardasil 9 is $205 per dose.

An global research team led by a scientist at the University of California, Riverside, has for the first time identified individual types of the human papillomavirus, or HPV, that are specifically linked to HIV infection.

The approval was constructed from a study among women ages 27-45, showing that the previous version of the vaccine had great impact preventing the persistent infection of HPV, genital warts, vaginal and vulvar precancers, cervical cancer, and cervical precancers related to the types of virus covered by the vaccine. "But we're going to need to look to our [medical] organizations that make recommendations about prevention and disease screening to review the data and understand whether the vaccine should be widely recommended for the age group". Only about 60% of teens in the US have initiated the HPV vaccine "so it's imperative that our physicians are adequately counseling patients on the manifestations of HPV", said Laitman.

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