Stone in South African cave boasts oldest-known human drawing

540,000-year-old clam shell found in Java with zigzag scratching

An abstract drawing from the 73,000-year-old levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa . It predates the previous oldest-known drawings by at least 30,000 years.

The drawing itself was placed on a flake of silcrete, which is a mineral that results from the mixture of sand and gravel, and with ocher being used to create and color the tiny scratches on the flake, the sharp red lines that were left behind by ancient Homo sapiens in South Africa can still be seen today.

The Conversation Africa asked Professor Christopher Henshilwood, who leads the team that made the discovery, about its significance.

During the Middle Stone Age, early humans used ochre for things other than drawing, including as an additive to glue and as a sunscreen, according to the researchers.

The ancient drawing includes six parallel lines that are crossed by three slightly curved lines, the researchers said.

"The abrupt termination of all lines on the fragment edges indicates that the pattern originally extended over a larger surface".

The outside of Blombos Cave, where the drawing was discovered.

European Parliament Approves Controversial New Copyright Laws
"For the sake of the internet's future, we urge you to vote for the deletion of this proposal", they wrote . Another vote is planned for January, but Reda believes the final decision will be made next autumn.

While scientists have found older engravings around the world, research published on Wednesday in the journal Nature says the lines on this stone mark the first abstract drawing.

It looks a bit like a hashtag, but it's 73,000 years old. "The pattern was probably more complex and structured in its entirety than in this truncated form", Henshilwood explained. Archaeologists believe that caves such as these would have given humans a much-needed rest from their daily routines and other activities before they set back out again to continue hunting and gathering.

"It's also evidence of early humans" ability to store information outside of the human brain", he said. These finds demonstrate that the first Homo sapiens in this region of Africa used different techniques to produce similar signs on different materials, which supports the hypothesis that these markings served a symbolic function.

He told Reuters that while the team would be "hesitant to call it art", it nearly definitely had "some meaning to the maker".

In fact, the 73,000-year-old ocher drawing is significantly older than the spectacular cave art that has been found in Spain and Indonesia, and would have been created almost 30,000 years before Homo sapiens were drawing pictures of wild animals and other objects in these European caves.

Similar patterns are engraved in other artifacts from the cave, and the hashtag design was produced widely over the past 100,000 years in rock art and paintings, he said. The oldest known engraving, for instance, is another piece of abstract art: a zigzag line that Homo erectus carved onto a shell 540,000 years ago in Indonesia, Live Science previously reported.

The fragment of silicate, about 4cm by 1cm, was discovered in 2011 but researchers have only now become confident that the pattern on its surface was deliberately created.

Related News:

  • More than 300,000 without power as Hurricane Florence batters North Carolina

    More than 80,000 people were already without power as the storm began buffeting the coast, and more than 12,000 were in shelters. Coastal streets were inundated with ocean water, causing damage to dozens of homes and businesses, officials said.
    US officials call teen vaping 'epidemic,' weigh flavor ban

    US officials call teen vaping 'epidemic,' weigh flavor ban

    Regulators said it was the largest coordinated crackdown in the agency's history. However, there is little consensus about how to regulate the industry.

    Hurricane Florence Is Generating 83-Foot Waves in the Atlantic

    And the more it hovers just off shore - a distinct possibility - the more potentially deadly storm surge it pushes on-shore. Several schools in the FOX8 viewing area have closings and delays this week ahead of Hurricane Florence.
  • Secure Says Almost All Computers Are Vulnerable to New Cold Boot Attack

    One of these protections was that computers would overwrite the contents of the RAM when power was restored after a cold boot. Encryption keys and other sensitive information can then be stolen from memory and full access gained to the system.
    Hurricane Florence Rocks Wooden Pier in Nags Head

    Hurricane Florence Rocks Wooden Pier in Nags Head

    The Charleston area will see winds near tropical storm strength of 40 miles per hour and somewhere between 3 to 6 inches of rain. Sixteen kilometres away in the city of Wilmington , wind gusts were stirring up frothy white caps into the Cape Fear River.
    Beach Town's Main Drag Empty Ahead of Hurricane Florence

    Beach Town's Main Drag Empty Ahead of Hurricane Florence

    She has no regrets about staying then but enough is enough. "The building's solid and Buddha will protect us". "I'm concerned. In Wilmington, Solange Iliou Thompson closed down her restaurant, Indochine, because all of her employees had left the city.
  • More than 20,000 on NC coast already without power from Florence gusts

    People are seen inside a shelter run by Red Cross before Hurricane Florence comes ashore in Grantsboro, N.C., September 13, 2018. Another Wilmington resident said she does not want to leave because she is afraid to see what she would be coming back to.
    Eating dairy products linked to lower death rates

    Eating dairy products linked to lower death rates

    A new research challenges the widely held belief that those who consume less full fat are at higher risk of heart disease. That said, people should stick to low-fat dairy, she advised.
    This will be the name of the 6.1-inch budget iPhone X

    This will be the name of the 6.1-inch budget iPhone X

    As per the report, people familiar with the matter have said, "Apple has considered calling the phone the "iPhone XR". While there have also been rumblings that the devices might be priced at $799 and $999, that seems somewhat unlikely.
  • Pep Guardiola reveals plans for Barcelona return at end of career

    Pep Guardiola reveals plans for Barcelona return at end of career

    De Bruyne, once of Chelsea, is considered one of the world's elite midfielders and signed a six-year deal at City in January. I've always been curious about it".
    Flight carrying Kulsoom Nawazs body departs for Pakistan

    Flight carrying Kulsoom Nawazs body departs for Pakistan

    For the sake of uninterrupted traffic flow, special arrangements were also made outside Jattiumra. People continued to arrive at Jati Umra to express grief and offer sympathy to the Sharif family.

    Rashford to fight for his place at Manchester United this season

    We have to remember that Harry, at that age, had hardly played anywhere near the same number of matches for Spurs. Rashford claimed nine goals in 21 appearances in that first half-season but he has since endured fallow periods.


Most liked

5-inch OLED iPhone XS will reportedly drop "Plus" name
Further, there are speculations that a dual-SIM variant of the 6.1-inch model will be exclusive for markets like China and India. The generic iPhone Xs will be the true successor of the iPhone X (2017) and will retain 5.8-inch AMOLED screen size.

Hurricane Florence: Four reasons to fear this storm
It's not all for show, either. "The larger and the slower the storm is, the greater the threat and the impact-and we have that". On Friday, the storm's center will hug the coast of southeast North Carolina, where the most severe effects are expected.

Elon Musk's SpaceX to announce first tourist to Moon
Instead, Musk said, SpaceX would turn its focus to developing the BFR, which he deemed a better option for tourism missions. Humans have not set foot on the Moon since the final Apollo mission in 1972, capping an era of U.S. national pride.

Hurricane Florence lashes United States east coast, triggers flood warnings
Overall, the storm is 400 miles wide. "Against my better judgment, due to emotionalism, I evacuated", said Fisher, 74. Workers are being brought in from the Midwest and Florida to help in the storm's aftermath, it said.

Hurricane Florence weakens slightly as it moves toward USA coast: NHC
Even though the ISS is 400km above the storm, Florence is so huge that astronauts needed a wide-angle lens to capture the storm. The Carolinas will bear the brunt of the storm, but as it moves inland, Virginia, Georgia, and Maryland will also be hit.

Jaguars' Leonard Fournette to miss practice Thursday
Jacksonville could be without one of its biggest playmakers for one of its biggest games on the schedule. He reportedly also said that he could've re-entered the game against the Giants, but was being cautious.

David Silva reveals the one club he's always wanted to play for
However, City have also confirmed that things are good off the pitch too, with revenue breaking the £500m mark. For the fourth consecutive season, City reported a profit, this time of £10.4 million.

Landslide injures tourists at famed ‘shipwreck’ beach in Greece
Tourists board a boat at the beach Navagio following a rockfall , on the island of Zakynthos, Greece September 13, 2018. The landslide occurred Thursday on the Navagio Beach , or Shipwreck Beach , on the northwestern coast of the island.

Meghan Markle mocked by half-sister Samantha in latest rant
Royal fans went wild once the photo was posted. "She has an obligation especially to treat our father with kindness". This is the end of your normal life, the end of your privacy - everything'. "This is a happy time for us".

Justin Bieber And Hailey Baldwin Are Married
Adding that she can't wait to be Mrs Bieber, "I see no reason to wait", she said of her own decision. That year, Justin had been arrested and got a DUI for street racing a Lamborghini .

ISS images show massive Hurricane Florence from 400 km up
Officials said some 1.7 million people in the Carolinas and Virginia were warned to evacuate, but it's unclear how many did. "Catastrophic effects will be felt outside the center of the storm due to storm surge as high as 9 to 13 feet".

Hurricane Florence from space
Following Hurricane Florence are two more powerful storms crossing the Atlantic, namely Tropical Storm Isaac and Hurricane Helene. Photo station published on its website.

Makelele: Sarri can ‘make history’ at Chelsea
Sarri, 59, has since overseen a ideal start to his tenure with the Blues, winning all four Premier League matches so far. Manchester City, Manchester United, and also the smaller teams have good players.

Australian newspaper insists controversial Serena Williams cartoon is not racist
Despite evidence to the contrary, a mob of Twitter users would go after Knight declaring him and his cartoon racist. The cartoon comes a day after Williams was fined $17,000 for three violations she committed at the U.S.

Facebook's Rosetta AI is perusing your images
As great as the technology is, Facebook is seeking something better: the ability to pull text from images and understand the text. It scans all the images with the help of a technique that differs from those employed by traditional text recognition software.