How a Desert Mountain Telescope Revealed Jupiter's Odd New Moon

How a Desert Mountain Telescope Revealed Jupiter's Odd New Moon

Using the Blanco 4-meter telescope at Cerro Tololo Inter-American in Chile, with its highly-sensitive Dark Energy Camera, however, gave the team a distinct advantage.

"We just haven't observed them enough", said Williams, who helped confirm the moons' orbits.

Two of the new moons are found closer to Jupiter, orbiting the gas giant in prograde - in the same direction as Jupiter's spin.

The researchers, from the Carnegie Institution for Science in Washington, DC, picked out one of the 12 moons as an "oddball". So we think they're intermediate between rocky asteroids and icy comets. Until the announcement this morning by the International Astronomical Union of the discovery of an additional 10 moons about the gas-giant planet.

The new moons, pictured as circles above, were discovered past year by a team of astronomers.

Most of the prograde moons orbit much closer to the planet than the retrograde moons do. Nearly all of Jupiter's prograde moons are believed to be fragments of a larger moon that broke apart. "What these other objects were has been a mystery".

Due to their sizes-one to three kilometers-these moons are more influenced by surrounding gas and dust. Understanding that smaller moons still exist in the outer regions of Jupiter's orbital regions suggests to astronomers that they formed after the planets.

Two of them are pretty straightforward. They are part of a larger group, all with similar distances and angles of inclination, taking little less than a year to orbit Jupiter. Astronomers believe they were once all part of a larger moon that broke apart. Each is only one to three kilometres wide, and thus would be very hard to spot using most telescopes.

Donald Trump: The Queen is a 'tremendous woman'
Floris also created a bespoke creation of unisex fragrance for the wedding of Meghan Markle and Prince Harry on May 19. There was an instance when Queen directs Trump and directs him forward with her white-gloved right hand.

The 12th moon is being called an oddball because, while it orbits in the same direction as Jupiter's spin, it is much farther away than the others orbiting in that direction and it is comparatively tiny. Sheppard's girlfriend came up with a name for it: Valetudo, the great-granddaughter of the Roman god Jupiter, and the goddess of health and hygiene.

Nine of the new moons are in the retrograde group, a distant bunch of moons that rotate in the opposite direction of Juipter. Sheppard, who is broadly interested in the formation of solar systems and has been involved in the discovery of 48 of Jupiter's known moons, realized this was the flawless opportunity to advance two separate research goals with the same telescope data. "Thus head-on collisions are likely".

The chance find brings Jupiter's tally of moons to 79, 17 more than Saturn, the planet with the second most. That means the revolve around Jupiter opposite from the planet's rotation.

"What's really cool for me here is what they're calling their oddball", Horner told ScienceAlert. They found a dozen small moons.

Scientists believe moons like Valetudo and its siblings appeared soon after Jupiter formed.

This survivor could be the last remnant of a once-larger prograde moon that collided with an object to create the retrograde moons. Such a collision would quickly break apart and grind the object down to dust, Sheppard said.

"A full paper will likely be written after these simulations are done in a few months". It also has an orbit that runs in the opposite direction and crosses the path of other moons, making head-on collisions between space rocks likely.

Related News:

  • No Man's Sky Next brings the game closer to its original vision

    No Man's Sky Next brings the game closer to its original vision

    Invite your friends aboard and take on challenging multiplayer missions from the Galactic Commission Station on your bridge. Will you be jumping back into No Man's Sky for the NEXT content? It's due next week-Tuesday, July 24-and has a new trailer.
    'Fortnite' 5.0 Patch Updates Include New Weapons

    'Fortnite' 5.0 Patch Updates Include New Weapons

    The Semi Automatic Sniper Rifle in Battle Royale will see a bit of a buff with its damage going up to 75/78 from 63/66. Save The World will be getting the Typewriter Assault Rifle , which will be added to the Weekly Store on July 18th.
    Theresa May avoids major Brexit defeat on customs union amendment

    Theresa May avoids major Brexit defeat on customs union amendment

    Pro-EU Conservative rebels were reportedly warned that defeat on the amendment could force a general election. This is the next stage of the Tory power grab - and people now see the damage that will do".
  • Time is right for Hazard to leave Chelsea, suggests Belgium coach Martinez

    Time is right for Hazard to leave Chelsea, suggests Belgium coach Martinez

    Argentine sports channel TYC claim the Blues, Tottenham and Everton are all interested in the 24-year-old Colombia global . Hazard told reporters: "After six wonderful years at Chelsea it might be time to discover something different".
    The official photos from Prince Louis' christening have been revealed

    The official photos from Prince Louis' christening have been revealed

    That said, photographer Matt Holyoak did include a hidden tribute to the British monarch in Louis's official christening photots. Guests at the service included Prince Charles and his wife Camilla , and newlyweds Prince Harry and Meghan.
    Japan, EU sign free trade pact amid protectionism trend

    Japan, EU sign free trade pact amid protectionism trend

    He dismissed concerns about the effect on small businesses, suggesting USA trade policy was far more problematic. The EU and Japan aim to have the agreement come into force before the United Kingdom leaves the EU next March.
  • Woman impaled by beach umbrella in freak accident

    Woman impaled by beach umbrella in freak accident

    According to Mr Zepeda, the umbrella spoke went completely through her ankle with a 13 cm portion sticking out from one side. She is "doing well" after surgery at Jersey Shore University Medical Center, authorities said.
    Russia's Putin among leaders to attend World Cup final

    Russia's Putin among leaders to attend World Cup final

    Soon after the picture of Putin surfaced on social media, Tweeple could not maintain their calm, and have responded to it. On Sunday, Russian President Vladimir Putin formally passed the torch to Qatar for the next World Cup four years later.

    Batwoman TV Series in the Works At The CW

    Several of Batman's enemies have also made their way into the Arrow-verse, making the absence of the Bat-Family even odder. Much like Batman , Batwoman is a wealthy crime fighter who chooses to use her money to build a crime-fighting empire.
  • Three lessons Madiba taught us, according to Obama

    Three lessons Madiba taught us, according to Obama

    Barack Obama has used his first high-profile speech since stepping down as US President to say "you have to believe in facts". Obama targeted both the USA and African governments without mentioning any names when he spoke about democracy.
    Papa John's founder: Stepping down as chairman a 'mistake'

    Papa John's founder: Stepping down as chairman a 'mistake'

    But Schnatter has frequently appeared in company commercials, and his face appears on advertisements and even pizza boxes. Schnatter also offered an apology telling WLKY that he was repeating something someone else said and was "provoked".
    GoFundMe campaign set up to get Kylie Jenner to 1 billion dollars

    GoFundMe campaign set up to get Kylie Jenner to 1 billion dollars

    She then went on to clarify that being born into wealth didn't mean she and her siblings actually had access to those funds. One tweet states, "I keep seeing tweets about Kylie Jenner being a self made nearly billionaire & I can't help but lol".


Most liked

Tiger Woods prepared for return to Carnoustie
And I said, 'No, I'm just enjoying this. "I grew up in Southern California where it's kikuyu grass; nothing rolls". That's just going to come with a little bit more experience and I think that I've made a few adjustments.

'Treasonous' Trump blasted by lawmakers after 'shameful' Putin summit
John Cornyn of Texas, said sanctions may be preferable to a nonbinding resolution that amounts to "just some messaging exercise". Browder worked with Congress to enact the Magnitsky Act, preventing foreigners who violate human rights from entering the U.S.

Intense rolling gun battle on Las Vegas police body cam
He now faces charges of murder with a deadly weapon and attempted murder with a deadly weapon , according to the Review-Journal. Police fatally shot one suspect and wounded the other, who tried to escape into the school where kids were in summer session.

Chennai: Men accused of raping 11-year-old thrashed in court
Shockingly, the girl's mother who is a homemaker couldn't find anything suspicious when the girl was coming home late from school. The incident came to light when the victim, a class seven student, told her elder sister about the trauma she was going through.

Passengers' Ears Bleed After Ryanair Flight Loses Air Pressure
The airline said oxygen masks were deployed and the crew carried out a "controlled descent", diverting to Hahn Airport in Germany. The Irish Mirror reported how oxygen masks dropped from overhead compartments as the plane began a rapid descent.

Rami Malek is bold and brilliant in new ‘Bohemian Rhapsody’ trailer
Anthony McCarten wrote the script for Bohemian Rhapsody , as Queen members Brian May and Taylor served as music producers. We see the four musicians getting "experimental" in a desperate move to create music people want to play on the radio.

Liverpool prepared to smash goalkeeper world record for Alisson Becker
Roma are considering the bid, a world record for a keeper, but no deal has been agreed and the Italian side are said to want £66m. Liverpool have made a 70million euros (£62m) bid for Roma goalkeeper Alisson , according to reports.

Michelle Obama Dances With Beyoncé’s Mom at Paris Concert
Celebrating the team's victory while in Paris, both Bey and Jay performed in France's World Cup jerseys at points during the night.

Living condition: Protests erupt in Basra, Iraq oil city
There were also similar protests on Saturday in Baghdad . "We had no choice but to open fire", said the police official in Samawa. Two more demonstrators died from gunshot wounds following protests overnight Friday, although it was not clear who killed them.

Liverpool make £62m bid for Roma goalkeeper Alisson
However, there are still quite a few things to be sorted, with Roma demanding an extra €5m from Liverpool to take the price to £66.6m.

Theresa May ‘scrapes through’ vote on customs bill
One EU official said the extension could be given if member states see United Kingdom negotiators committed to hammering out a deal day and night.

Trump beholden to Putin? Summit does nothing to dispel impression
Even before the meeting, most Americans disliked Putin, while saying they believed Trump took a more positive view of him. For his part, Trump criticised the ongoing U.S. investigation into the allegations as a "disaster".

Raptors in the ‘driver’s seat’ for Kawhi Leonard
And he has already expressed his desire to return to his hometown of Los Angeles, with a preference to join the Lakers. Leonard was one of 35 players invited to participate in the camp , which will be led by Spurs coach Gregg Popovich.

Redheads, lobsters, cupcakes: Apple shows off new iOS emojis
Healthy eaters will be delighted to learn that a mango and lettuce also made the cut - along with a cupcake for balance. Facebook users from the USA and United Kingdom used the "crying while laughing" emoji the most, also known as "joy".

PM to face fresh Commons test just hours after customs struggle
Brexit secretary David Davis and Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson resigned last week over the deal, which they said is too soft. If no compromise is struck, there is a risk the eurosceptics could vote against the bill in its entirety.