Virginia Apgar: Google Doodle celebrates doctor who PIONEERED life-saving treatment

The Apgar score helps doctor determine the health of newborn properly

The 1929 graduate of the South Hadley women's college is known for creating in 1952 what is called the Agpar score, an internationally recognized screening that quickly evaluates the health of newborns as they take their first breaths of life outside the womb.

The animated doodle for Thursday June 7 shows a woman in lab coat documenting the movements of a newborn positioned atop the words "Apgar".

Apgar even linked the scores to infant mortality; the lowest-scoring babies had a mortality rate of 14%, compared to 0.13% for the highest-scoring babies.

Dr Apgar was born on June 7, 1909 and was raised in Westfield, New Jersey, US.

As a medical student, Apgar noted that a number of babies that had seemed healthy at birth were dying soon after leaving the hospital. The letters of her last name serve as a way for doctors to remember the five things to check for: Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity and Respiration. While those accomplishments are impressive, particularly for a woman at the time, her real contribution to the world is the so-called Apgar Score. The scores help doctors identify whether a baby has health issues requiring extra care. She is known for her work in the fields of anaesthesiology and teratology, a field related to anesthesia (loss of sensation), anesthetics and the study of abnormalities of psychological development in newly-born babies babies. In 1949, she became the first woman to be named a full professor at the medical school she attended, Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons, in New York City.

Jordan king calls for review of bill that sparked protests
Razzaz is a Harvard-educated economist who served with the World Bank in both Washington and the region. Critics claim the current tax plan unfairly hits the poor and the middle class.

Google's Doodle today honors a Mount Holyoke College graduate - Dr. Virginia Apgar. An Apgar Score between 4 and 6 may mean some medical intervention is needed. She went on to research birth defects and over the course of her career wrote scientific articles, essays, a book and more.

She gave thousands of babies scores during the 1950s as the rate of infant mortality in the United States began to climb. And yet, when her division was upgraded to a department, she was passed over for the chair position in favor of a male colleague.

She trained in anaesthesia at the University of Wisconsin and Bellevue Hospital in the U.S., but returned to Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital in 1938.

Apgar never married, and died of cirrhosis of the liver at the age of 65.

Related News:

  • Reese Witherspoon confirms 'Legally Blonde 3'

    Reese Witherspoon confirms 'Legally Blonde 3'

    She decides to follow him to law school and while she is there figures out that there is more to her than just her looks. She continued, "I don't see women at the center of their own movies as much as I would like to".
    Warriors vs. Cavaliers, Game 3 on Wednesday night

    Warriors vs. Cavaliers, Game 3 on Wednesday night

    CLEVELAND - The Cleveland Cavaliers were already in trouble after dropping the first two games of the NBA Finals in Oakland. One of the items Hoffman asked Bryant was the team the future Hall of Famer thinks would best fit James in the future.
    Amazon is killing the TV remote

    Amazon is killing the TV remote

    Google's $130 (£105) Home speaker is triggered by the phrase "Hey Google" while Amazon's Echo uses "Alexa". The Amazon Fire TV Cube features eight microphones embedded deep within to listen to user's commands.
  • Sachin Tendulkar Says Will Always Support Son Arjun In His Choices

    Sachin Tendulkar Says Will Always Support Son Arjun In His Choices

    Interestingly, he will groomed under Rahul Dravid now who is the coach of the U19 team which won the World Cup earlier this year. Delhi's Anuj Rawat will lead the side in the four-day format while Aryan Juyal has been named skipper for the limited-overs ties.
    Beyoncé and Jay-Z Re-Introduce the Twins During OTRII Tour Kick-Off

    Beyoncé and Jay-Z Re-Introduce the Twins During OTRII Tour Kick-Off

    It is unclear who the babies in the photos are and why Beyonce and Jay-Z chose to display these portraits during the tour opening. Starting tonight in the United Kingdom, JAY and Bey's worldwide run will focus on a mixture of Europe and North America stops.

    Melania Trump's spokeswoman distances first lady from Giuliani comments on Daniels affair

    Rudy doesn't speak for the administration when it comes to this negotiation and this set of issues", Pompeo told CNN . The porn star also alleges President Trump's former personal attorney "hatched a plan to have Ms.
  • Queen Maxima's sister dies aged 33

    Queen Maxima's sister dies aged 33

    The Queen, originally from Argentina, was said by the royal household to be "very shocked and very sad". She canceled her upcoming engagements including a state visit to Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
    Trump notes Melania's 'little rough patch' during first joint appearance in weeks

    Trump notes Melania's 'little rough patch' during first joint appearance in weeks

    It's a lot of things that we believe in as Americans that we don't feel that he's for. There was more fallout from the feud on Tuesday.
    Cristiano Ronaldo's wish to leave Real Madrid is 'irreversible'

    Cristiano Ronaldo's wish to leave Real Madrid is 'irreversible'

    Cristiano Ronaldo wants to leave Real Madrid this summer and his decision is "irreversible", according to reports in Portugal. Ronaldo posted a photograph on Twitter with Portugal's possible starting XI and the message: "Ready".
  • Mars Rover Curiosity Finds More Clues to the Potential for Life

    Mars Rover Curiosity Finds More Clues to the Potential for Life

    Or reactions driven by Mars's ancient volcanoes could have formed the compounds from primordial carbon dioxide. About 3.5 billion years ago, research suggests, this pockmark on the Martian surface was brimming with water.
    No Kaala release in Karnataka, fans devastated

    No Kaala release in Karnataka, fans devastated

    Most theatres in Bengaluru also chose to heed to the call made by pro-Kannada organisations and Karnataka chief minister H.D. The usual buzz around a Rajinikanth film was missing for Kaala till recently due to the low-key promotions.
    Why The Warriors Are Unhappy With Kendrick Perkins

    Why The Warriors Are Unhappy With Kendrick Perkins

    For a Toronto-based sports writer, it is an odd feeling to come to Cleveland and see the home team as heavy underdogs. The Cavaliers kept him to 11 points on 3-of-16 shooting, leaving Durant to pick up the slack.


Most liked

Republican advances in California primary with Trump's help
The winners of Tuesday's contests will join the Assembly immediately to serve out of the rest of the terms through November. But for the first time in years, Texas Democrats seem determined not to let Republicans pick up seats without a fight.

I'm not done yet! - Durant display not his 'defining moment'
Because Durant went insane , scoring 24 points on 7-for-10 shooting, and Golden State kept getting to the free throw line. Quotable - LeBron James , whether the Warriors seem vulnerable in the series ...

Former Cambridge Analytica chief tells MPs he is a victim
The sting operation was filmed by Channel 4 television in March, causing the committee to recall Nix for the inconsistencies in his testimony.

New BlackBerry phone aims to revive faded brand
All we know is the BlackBerry Key2 will start to arrive later this month in select markets and will roll out globally next month. On the BlackBerry KeyOne , each key was customizable, meaning you could set it up as a shortcut to access from your home screen.

Thiem crushes weary Zverev to make semis
Rafael Nadal can pull even with a 12th French Open quarterfinal by winning on Monday. "I'm expecting another five-set match". Cecchinato appealed, and the Italian Olympic Committee announced in December 2016 that the sanctions were dropped entirely.

Kate Spade's cause of death confirmed amid rumors of alcohol abuse
We were together for 35 years. "She didn't say why she did it", a police source said of Kate's final message. She got her start in fashion working for Mademoiselle magazine in the fashion accessories department.

Dutch queen's sister dies in Argentina
Her body was found Wednesday night by her mother María del Carmen Cerruti and a friend of Zorreguieta, said news agency EFE. Her death comes 10 months after the death of Maxima's father Jorge Zorreguieta , who died at the age of 89 from cancer.

Texas man bitten by severed rattlesnake head
Sutcliffe says her husband quickly took his shovel and cut off the snake's head. "He had to rip it off". Following the bite, the man started having seizures, lost his vision and suffered internal bleeding.

French Open 2018: Muguruza dumps Sharapova to reach semis
An American awaits in the final, as Sloane Stephens beat Madison Keys in a rematch of the US Open final. Maria Sharapova's French Open comeback has been ended in straight sets by ruthless Garbine Muguruza .

More signs of past - and possibly present - habitability of Mars
It was to a great fanfare of publicity that researchers announced they had found evidence for past life on Mars in 1996. The organic material discovered on Mars is rich in sulphur, which would have also helped to preserve it.

Facebook Bug Changed Privacy Settings of Up to 14 Million Users
The news followed a recent furor over Facebook's sharing of user data - oversharing, in the eyes of many critics. Those were set to be publicly visible, but Facebook accidentally extended that setting to all new posts.

Video shows rats crawling through bags of Burger King buns
In a statement to 6abc Action News, Burger King Media Relations said, " Food safety and hygiene is always a top priority for us ". A leak was also spotted in the kitchen ceiling, and flies were seen coming from a drain not far from where the rolls were stored.

Val Kilmer Confirmed For Top Gun 2 Return
The actor had previously confirmed that he was indeed asked to come back to reprise his role as Iceman in the sequel. Production on the long-in-the-works follow-up began last week , and Tom Cruise is back again in the lead role.

Fekir chances boosted for Liverpool as Lyon confirm Ben Arfa interest
However, Fekir has never started a competitive match for France so is unlikely to be a key player at the 2018 World Cup . But with the player reportedly insisting on leaving the club only for Liverpool, has forced Aulas' hand in the deal.

Steam updates game-content guidelines, will include "something that you hate"
Johnson added that Valve will "focus less on trying to police what should be on Steam, and more on building those tools to give people control over what kinds of content they see".